Six Sigma

What is Six Sigma?

The term "Six Sigma" was derived from an area of statistics known as process capability studies. Six Sigma asserts that: Continuous efforts to achieve stable and predictable process results are of vitally important to business success; manufacturing and business processes can be measured, analyzed, improved, and controlled; and, quality improvement requires commitment from the entire organization, especially top-level management, to achieve a sustained process.

A statistical representation of Six Sigma provides a quantitative performance indicator. To achieve a Six Sigma level, a process can not produce more than 3.4 defects per million opportunities. Six Sigma utilizes a great number of established management methods. These are methods that are also used outside of Six Sigma. The fundamental objective of the Six Sigma methodology is to implement a measurement-based strategy which focuses on the improvement of processes and reduction of variation through the application of Six Sigma improvement projects.

Six Sigma identifies several key roles for its successful implementation:

Executive Leadership and Deployment Managers, including the CEO and other members of top management, which are responsible for the implementation of a Six Sigma vision. The Leadership also empowers the other role holders with the freedom and resources to explore new ideas improvement breakthroughs.

Champions are responsible for Six Sigma implementation across the organization in an integrated manner. They are drawn by Executive Leadership from upper management. Champions also act as Black Belts mentors.

Master Black Belts, identified by champions, act as in-house coaches on Six Sigma. They devote up to 100% of their time to Six Sigma. They assist champions and guide Black Belts and Green Belts. Apart from statistical tasks, their time is spent on ensuring consistent application of Six Sigma across various functions and departments. They also provide the classroom training for Green Belts, Black Belts, and Champions.

Black Belts operate under Master Black Belts to apply Six Sigma methodology to specific projects. They devote up to 100% of their time to Six Sigma. They primarily focus on Six Sigma project execution, whereas Champions and Master Black Belts focus on identifying projects/functions for Six Sigma.

Green Belts are the employees who take up Six Sigma implementation along with their other job responsibilities. They operate under the guidance of Black Belts.

Six Sigma Training/Certification

Touro Institute provides the first level of training and certification within Six Sigma, that of Green Belt. This training consists of four stages which lead to Green Belt Certification. Each stage can be utilized as credit towards an undergraduate or graduate degree at Touro if so desired by a Six Sigma Student. Six Sigma can be used to meet the quantitative reasoning requirements for a bachelor degree.

The stages are as follows:

Green Belt Training Part 1 (6 credit hours) - Introduction to Six Sigma topics.
This includes 5 comprehensive modules covering the basics of Six Sigma and the specific tools and analysis techniques used in Six Sigma initiatives.

Green Belt Training Part 2 (6 credit hours) - Utilizing Six Sigma techniques.
Part 2 includes 5 modules covering the stages of the DMAIC process (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control) and the application of techniques and tools covered in Part 1 to each stage. At the completion of Part 2 the Student is given a certificate of having completed Six Sigma classroom training. (This is not Six Sigma Green Belt certification.)

Green Belt Project (6 credit hours) - Accomplishing a Six Sigma project for a specific situation.

Green Belt Certification Review and Exam (3 credit hours) - Review of Six Sigma techniques and principles and certification exam.


Dr. R. K. Carboni, BE, BS, MA, Ph.D.  Vice President of Touro Institute and Director of the Center for Religious and Spiritual Studies personally oversees the Six Sigma program. Dr. Carboni is certified as: Black Belt, Master Black Belt, Champion, and Deployment Leader. He has managed Six Sigma efforts in a Fortune 50 company where he had oversight of approximately 100 Six Sigma projects.

Dr. R K Carboni

Course Fees

Course fees are as follows:

Green Belt Part 1 - $140.00.

Green Belt Part 2 - $140.00

Green Belt Project - $140.00

Green Belt Certification Review and Exam - $80.00

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